Bitcoin Fog — First safe Bitcoin Mixer

If you’re trying to get your hands on a Bitcoin mixer or have questions related to Bitcoin mixing this Bitcoin Fog review is exactly where you should’ve landed. First and foremost I will explain, compare and contrast the features and problems that Bitcoin Fog brings with itself, and then answer the

If you’re trying to get your hands on a Bitcoin mixer or have questions related to Bitcoin mixing this Bitcoin Fog review is exactly where you should’ve landed. First and foremost I will explain, compare and contrast the features and problems that Bitcoin Fog brings with itself, and then answer the submitted by mosesbrodin99 to u/mosesbrodin99 [link] [comments]

Problems with bitcoin fog

So early yesterday morning i deposited approximately 1bc into my fog account for mixing, trying to accesss the site a couple hours later it was unable to load. I tired several more times and sometime late last night the site would finally load, however now when i go to log in the site it will not accept my password(its correct iv had it written down) so now i have 1bc sitting in my account that i cant access, any ideas?
submitted by ghanamamma to SilkRoad [link] [comments]

Anyone else having problems with bitcoin fog?

Made some deposits to bitcoin fog last night by copying and pasting the wallet IDs on the deposit page and after the deposits were made I realized that the wallet IDs were different than what I remember. I made it a point not to change the wallet IDs and have not changed any of my Bitcoin Fog Wallet IDs in a couple of weeks and almost 4 BTCs were in the process of transferring over. Also, after 20+ confirmations, the coins still have not been credited to my account.
Checked these "new" wallet IDs on blockchain and the first wallet ID (that I never used and did not use as one of my 4 deposits) had transactions from March 2015. The second to fourth "new" Wallet IDs have never been used prior to my deposits. The fifth "new" wallet ID shows 1.77 BTC has ever been sent to it, but blockchain shows no transactions with for that wallet ID prior to my deposit that night. This is the amount I sent to Bitcoin Fog, but using a different wallet ID that disappeared.
I messaged Support explaining this problem.
This morning, I logged back in and saw that all the IDs were changed back to their original IDs. But the almost 4 BTCs that I deposited last night have not been credited to my account. As of this message, there is 60+ confirmations for all 4 deposits, but nothing has been credited to my account.
Anyone know what is going on? Have similar problems?
submitted by randomdude5421 to BitcoinFog [link] [comments]

Everyone complaining about the changes to combat RMT and Cheating - these 'fixes' are SUPPOSED to be bandaids!

People have been constantly bitching about the changes: I don't think people realize that the reason it's done in this manner is it's supposed to be band-aid.
It's not nearly as simple to address with complex, intricate solutions as people think.
This thread is what inspired this post, but there are, of course, MANY others.
(Btw if that fucking automod pops up and goes like 'hurr durr the only official way to report cheating is on the forums' I'm gonna neck a fool)

Proposed Solutions by the Community

"people are abusing keytools, SICC cases and such to give buyers multiple high-value keys and bitcoins. perhaps there should be flagging of such accounts that regularly hand out items of these values in tandem with things like extremely high K/D ratios and rapidly increasing net worth."
It's not as simple to 'flag' accounts as people think. It takes time and development resources away from other areas. Despite this, they are working on it.
That's why:
was done. It's an easy to implement band-aid solution. Only takes a few minutes of dev time and hits the means they are using to RMT so that they buy themselves more time.
And realistically these changes aren't fucking up your average player.
"guns like this (VSS/AS VAL) excel at short ranges, where a majority of Tarkov fights tend to occur. given that there's a large variety of firearms in the game, especially those designed for longer ranges, where fog of war and random clutters of items end up making them pretty much useless in the game. perhaps we could open sightlines a bit to give all firearms situational usage (to a reasonable extent)?"
It's almost like the fog was implemented because of massive stuttering. Tarkov already is CPU and GPU intensive. It's in progress of being optimized, but one of the easiest and most effective solution is to add 'fog' inside, to basically cover up that shit isn't being rendered past your fog line.
Even though that's the case, there's STILL loads of scenes in the current maps where there's large open areas. Namely, woods. But woods suck, precisely because of how barren it is. Trees everywhere. Nothing everywhere.
It adds additional cost to running it. Remember, this is a numbers game. I bet you also didn't realize that they nerfed the natural spawn rate of VSS/AS VAL? They're trying to reduce the number in circulation and allow other options to be viable because they're so much cheaper for similar effectiveness. It's called simulating a dynamic economy.
on that note: boss/raider AI
"hey, people are cheesing these raiders and Killa and such with easily exploitable sightlines and hitstun mechanics that make what should be formidable opponents absolutely trivial, but they also do dumb manuevres eg. powersliding into an RPK burst that seem out of line in a realistic FPS, on top of things like arbitrary health buffs. maybe we should make them not so easy to cheese by changing their AI to be more hard, but fair instead of a drugged-up T-800?"
lol because AI is so simple you can just hotfix it in right, it's not like it's literally one of the most complex problems in programming in its entirety and that every fps ever that has bots uses these same techniques to make them difficult through easy but artificial means. (Scaling aimbot, making them tankier, have vision of you, etc)
Basically: It's not that fucking simple. AI is hard. Real hard. If you knew the slightest thing about logic and programming you'd realize that it's almost impossible to create an AI that can actually learn from its circumstances. Instead, you just feed it information and it creates parallels and begins to assign responses, often with human direction, in response to certain behaviors. And that's intensive. And difficult. And not crazy effective.
Instead you basically hard-program their reactions to a handful of scenarios and then give him some artificial scaling to make them a challenge. It's much easier and better time-to-reward ratio.
you get my point. a lot of changes feel either totally arbitrary or don't quite get at fixing the base issue, and instead just push it further back while hurting regular players.
99% of these changes don't hurt the vast majority of players.
How often do you find TWO factory keys in a game? How often do you bring in over 200k roubles if you're not RMTing? How often, do you, the average player, seriously bring in an items case or weapons case to grab weapons? The only people I know of to do that are some streamers near end wipe.
These are SUPPOSED to be band-aids. They're TEMPORARY yet mostly effective solutions while they spend time to create more advanced and specific solutions to counter the cheating and the need that fuels it - RMTing.
So stop your bitching and realize that BSG aren't idiots. They're doing what they can, the best they can, in a really hard scenario and trying to tackle problems that most other developers never address.
submitted by dumnem to EscapefromTarkov [link] [comments]

I've reached the extent that I think I can tell this story. This is my experience with the cult

I am hesitant to begin writing about these memories, and for two reasons. The first is out of fear - fear of retaliation. You see, I was taken advantage of by a cult that I escaped a few years ago in the summer of 2018. I wasn’t involved for long - ten months - but that wasn’t the end of the cult’s influence on me, as they cleverly had a previously unaffiliated visitor contact me and try to bring me back during the period afterwards. I believe they are still keeping tabs on be covertly, but this may just be my paranoid nature.
For nearly the entire first year afterwards, I was always looking over my shoulder to see if I was being followed. They definitely have an interest in roping me back into the fold, as you will see how sociopathic these people are. I’m still traumatized, and although I have healed a great deal from these trials, there is still lingering conditioning that causes me panic attacks and anxiety, which exemplifies my schizoaffective disorder. I attribute much of the reason I’m houseless now to the combination of my mental health and trauma caused by this group.
The second reason I am hesitant to begin writing is also out of fear, but this is instead a fear of not being able to deliver on my promise to expose this cult. I know I have the ability to write about my account, but will it be good enough? Will I be throwing these words into the electronic ocean like so many others with little effect on the world? I feel that no matter how hard I try, I will be unable to capture the cult’s devious acts in such a way to convey what it was like for me, a vulnerable individual, to be slowly turned into an obedient slave.
Inadequacy. This is an important piece of my psychology. After watching my mother decay and die for the first nine years of my life, followed by being raised by an abusive, narcissistic father, I have a profound feeling of inadequacy ruling me. I never feel like I am good enough; that I have to self-sacrifice - to the point where I believed I had to be as good as Jesus Christ - in order to achieve a passable level of human adequacy. The cult took advantage of these feelings in spades and left me a shell of who I was previously.
Fortunately, the period of houselessness that has extended the last year or so of my life has been a radically transformative period where I feel able to step out from barriers that previously trapped me. I feel freer than I ever have been, and to be honest, I owe a lot to the cult for pushing me to my breaking point and learning where my boundaries are. In fact, I don’t believe I could have stepped away from the denial of having a feminine side if it weren’t for the ridiculousness of how far I was pushed.
Now, I stand strong, ready to accomplish this mission life has presented me. It is my basic civic duty to tell my story and warn the public about this group and others who prey on vulnerable individuals in an unstable socioeconomic period. They deliberately attract people who are vulnerable for personal or financial reasons. For instance, there was a flat-earther from Belgium who was here illegally that got roped into our group by being attracted to the messages of sovereignty and their abundance of kooky new age beliefs. They even tried to get me to recruit more members using the same strategies they hooked me with - which is standard cult behavior.
This leads right into how I got involved with the cult in the first place. Part of it is my fault, as I was young and naive. I still am, but now I have the wisdom to not throw myself out there for any group to start manipulating. There are many people who can be drawn into their preying behavior, and it is important that I elaborate on how easy it is to get duped, so others don’t follow in my footsteps.
As you will see, the group was bizarre in many ways. I want to start off by saying that I did not join an organization of pee-drinkers who practiced blood-magick on the side of Main Street. Instead, I started working for a nonprofit that promised to change the world, and appeared to have the ability to do that. The weirdness grew exponentially over time, gradually as they conditioned us to accept their way of life.
On my own end, I wanted to join an intentional community; one where everyone involved works towards a singular end as one unit. I longed for the camaraderie and an alternate way of life. I wanted something different than what - as the cult called the common culture - “The Matrix,” or “Babylon” offered. There are such communities, but because of devious groups like this, everyone needs to be cautious when attempting to find them. I still seek to find or create an alternative lifestyle for myself where I can live amongst my brothers and sisters away from the mass-produced consumer culture of the world.
It’s been a hell of a journey, but I am happy where I am now. If anything, the group taught me that self-love is our first love; if the gardener does not take care of themselves, then who takes care of the garden? With my efforts to find such a community as I wanted, it was inevitable that some group would have sunk their teeth into me. I am grateful that I was able to recognize the far-flung insanity that I was trapped in and escape. Now I just need to focus on recovering and helping others who may be searching for the same things I am.
Chapter 1
It all started early in 2017. I was working on reverse networking, like trying to place a letter on someone’s shoes to let them know I exist. I was hoping to find a project I could use my skills as a writer and juggler by broadcasting who I was on our small online community, The Shrug Life Syndicate, on Reddit. I was so desperate to find such a community that fit my ideals and goals that I didn’t even conceive that someone could be watching in order to learn about me.
They first posted a link to their site on our community’s board, when they were still going by the Awakening Sovereignty Collective. To best understand how I perceived them initially, you have to understand that I was lost in what we at the Shrug Life Syndicate call the synchronicity slip stream. An aspect of my schizoaffective disorder, I often get lost in various series of synchronicities that form a coherent narrative that compels me to behave differently than I otherwise would. It is an amazing feature of my mental health for creativity and finding alternative solutions to problems, but it can be debilitating when trying to fit in to the normal world. When the ASC posted, I believed applying on their website was the obvious thing I should do in order to accomplish my cosmic mission.
Well, nothing happened at first, and I forgot about them until several months later until I received an email stating I was hired. This came after a series of strange tasks from anonymous accounts that seemed to be tests to see if I was as capable of a writer as I portrayed myself as being. I remember one test was to see if I could write a sales pitch for “Unicorn Poop,” an edible snack with a humorous twist. I don’t have any proof that these two events are connected, but it definitely tripped my radar as odd that they happened one after another, and nothing ever came from the sales tasks.
Having passed their tests, I began working with them online. It was a slow process, as there wasn’t a lot of work right out the gate, but there was a lot to learn. Their websites were many in number and often confusing. I had difficulty navigating them and almost quit trying within days of getting started. I remember crumbling back into my addictive nature one night as the wailing cries of depression came roaring back with my initial perceived failure.
If I were not partially psychotic, believing the universe was guiding me to the salvation I sought, then that would have been the end of it. Many other people seemed to have given up while I was still new to working for them. If I were to guess, I would say that this was deliberate on their part in order to weed out only people like me, who were in some way desperate to be a part of the group. With only a small number of desperate people finding their way into the clutches of these people, it must be easier to control them as well.
The ASC promised a new way of life for anyone seeking it. They claimed to be a planetary alliance that was helping ecovillages, nonprofits, conscious businesses, and individual change agents. They were working on a cryptocurrency and software suite that would help communities better serve the world. This was at the peak of the bitcoin bubble, where many people unfamiliar with cryptocurrencies were trying to get in on the hype. They touted a number of figures and claims which ultimately turned out to be false or otherwise misrepresentative of the truth, but in the moment I believed everything they were shoveling.
It was easy for them to sell the idea and project as they were all natural sales personalities. I attended a lot of meetings, particularly with the writer’s team, and started to get to know the people behind the project. In the moment, they appeared to be down-to-Earth and relatable, but highly conscious individuals who really cared about the world and were motivated to do the work necessary to make the changes needed for the planet. In hindsight, they really only cared about money, and were playing a part to catch people like me.
The leader was named Dakota, if that was his real name (I believe most of the main group had adopted a second name to hide who they really were). He was a young man claiming to have graduated high school at ten, and he founded a company known as STADA which was facilitating much if not all of the software needs of the ASC. He was brilliant, but I believe most of his brilliance was self-generated through his ability to sell himself as more than he really was. He always acted like a millionaire who was going to change the world, which made it easy for him to sell the project to people like me.
The co-leader was named Lila. She was a cheerful person who always had something positive to add to the conversation. While working with her, I found this to be a powerful part of her personality. It was hard to say no to her, as she had a motherly vibe and she strategically would ask you to do things that left you feeling compelled to help her, for the good of the project. She first won me over by claiming to run a retreat center for circus skills. I only heard of this in the beginning of my journey with the group, so I believe it may have been a bogus means to shift my opinion of them.
The leader of the writer’s team was named Teahna, who was beautiful and knew how to use her womanly charm to influence others. She seemed to be new to the project as well, having recently written her first book, and my time working with her online seemed to be a learning experience for both of us. I believe this was also planned, so that I would have some support learning what I was supposed to be doing on the various websites that seemed to pile up more and more as time went on.
The work was easy at first. There were no assignments or anything like that. It was all pile work - as in, just grab a shovel and get paid for what you move. As a writer, I naturally gravitated to the writers team’s tasks, but I also helped with the education team and the core tasks of the group. Mostly I wrote articles and website content for them, but I also wrote fake twitter bios, social media posts, and began working on their constitution/manifesto before arriving at their headquarters.
I was making good money, both in real dollars and their own cryptocurrency, Equality Keys. They claimed we could trade their currency for real money at any time, which turned out to be a lie. They often only let us exchange it at certain times at a reduced value. But, I was naive enough to believe that the numbers on my screen were real and meant I was doing good. It wasn’t long before I earned upwards of thousands of dollars worth of their currency, which was promised to rise in value as the project continued to grow and evolve.
After a few weeks working with them, they began toying with a name change to Earth Nation. I believe this is a key part of their method of staying under the radar. By changing names and projects frequently, they never gather enough clout to be exposed as the charlatans that they are. They would later create a new project known as Earth Cycle, and there was a tentacle organization we got hooked into after our stay with the main group called Lovecycle. In regards to the latter, I will never forget the name Lovecycle, as that is when the bulk of bizarre and traumatic events occured.
This is around the same time that my girlfriend at the time began helping out as well. We worked together as a writer and artist combo, and they were initially excited to have another person joining to help. There was some friction though, such as bluntly being told they had no need for an artist at this time after they welcomed her onboard, and there were moments where it seemed like they did not want her to be a part of the project. As they turned her and I against each other much later in our odyssey with them, I think this must have been deliberate to sow the seeds of conflict between us. Again, this is classic cult behavior. I regret bringing her into the whole thing, as she is no doubt as traumatized as I am.
What really allowed me to lose myself in the hope of the project was the possibility to do exactly as I dreamed: travel with a caravan, juggle at festivals, help sell whatever my girlfriend and others made, and write gonzo journalism about what Earth Nation was doing. One of the main draws of the group was that they advertised in the meetings about how they had a proposal system, where anyone could come with their plan and it could be voted on to be given resources. They were interested in my idea (how much of that was just gaslighting me to believe I’ve found the perfect gig, I don’t know), and wanted me to do some journalism about my experiences moving to their headquarters just outside Eugene, Oregon - on the other side of the country.
My girlfriend and I were ecstatic at the idea of starting a new life on the west coast. It was the dream we both shared, to abandon the broken world we knew and join something better. We began preparing for the move, sold all of our stuff, and eventually took off from the airport with only three bags to our name. It was a leap of faith, and we were never happier to embrace our dreams and begin to live a much more interesting life.
Chapter 2
We left on October 25th, about a couple months after I first began working for the ASC. It was an amazing trip that we thought would represent our rebirth. I remember arriving at the airport feeling as though I was leaving a part of my past behind. I felt a wave of solemn emptiness and fear over this, but I have since learned such feelings are common with change of this magnitude. Mostly, I felt joy that a new chapter of my life was unfolding before my eyes.
It was a time where it seemed like we had infinite potential right at our fingertips. Who knew what would actually go down over the coming months? We were grateful for the opportunity and happy about the change. My girlfriend even changed her name to Awen to start over fresh as a new person. I still stuck with my birth name, Gregory, but eventually I would start going by the name Rory after having been pressured to by the group.
I remember looking out the window while Awen took pictures of everything we flew over. It was a trip in itself to see the world from such an angle. I was amazed at the number of wind farms in the middle of the country. Likewise, the closer we got to our destination, the more mountainous the ground beneath us became. The change in scenery would pale in comparison with the change in the culture of the west coast - one of the main reasons I now consider Portland my new home.
Landing in Eugene’s airport, we were regaled with Ducks memorabilia. This was a pleasant surprise, as I had forgotten that this was where an old hero from my track days, Steve Prefontaine, used to run. This made me feel hopeful while waiting for Teahna and Prism, the leader of the educational team. I remember pacing the entrance hall of the airport with a giddy smile stretching from ear to ear. This was it, I told myself: I had finally found my new home.
After a long day of airline travel, we were eventually picked up in Prism’s van. We were met with hugs and smiles, which rejuvenated us after the natural stress of the trip. We chatted the entire way back to Triangle Lake, where their headquarters supposedly was. Both Awen and I were antsy while being shaken back and forth while sitting on Prism’s bed for the duration of the drive. I distinctly remember the beautiful colors of the autumn trees as we drove past. This last little bit of our trip took roughly forty-five minutes, but it felt like we were pulling up to the headquarters in an instant.
I caught a glimpse of a sign as we pulled into the long driveway: Circle of Children. This would be where we stayed for the first two months. The area was gorgeous. Giant trees covered in green moss extended as far as the eye could see. With the abundance of fern-life, it reminded me of a Jurassic paradise. Out the cracked window of the van, I could hear tree frogs chirping in harmony. It was certainly something out of another world compared to the east coast.
We stopped in front of the main office - the only building with wifi. If I were to graph the amount of access to the internet we had across the ten months we were involved, it would have a steady, negative slope. Of course, while being conditioned by the group, it was barely noticed, as we grew less dependent on the internet as time went on. We were never barred from the outside world - in fact we interacted with it regularly - but the idea of leaving was made so impossibly far outside the bounds of possible choices through a long series of scripted events.
Which is why the entire beginning of our stay at the Triangle Lake Convention Center seemed like something out of a fantasy paradise. Everything, from the overarching narrative we were fed, to the day-to-day interactions, was designed to win us over, gaslight us, and manipulate us emotionally by using our traumas against us. In the aftermath of the whole escapade, I learned that this is the type of manipulation that cults use to prevent members from seeing reason while keeping them docile, obedient work horses for the greater project, whatever it may be.
It is clear to me now that Earth Nation and all tentacle organizations are a purely criminal enterprise - a money-making machine for those at the top of the hierarchical pyramid. Even though we were supposedly a DAO - a decentralized autonomous organization - there were clearly people who were centralized leaders profiting from everything the group did.
And everybody played their roles well upon our arrival. We were greeted with another barrage of hugs as we got out of the van. Everybody was excited to finally meet us in person, as were we to meet them. We chatted with Dakota and Lila for some time outside of the office. They were the exact same as their online personas. In the moment, this gave us a sense that these people were genuine, but in hindsight it serves as a reminder that anyone can create a convincing character and play them whenever they want - even if they choose to never take their deceptive masks off.
We were then shown where we would be staying. Up the hill and to the left we drove until we were in front of Carmen Hall. It was a quaint dorm-style lodging with a large common area and a small kitchenette. Many nights were spent in the common room with the others who were staying in the building. Because we were a couple, we were given the largest room with its own bathroom.
That’s another thing that changed in a downward slope: our living quarters. Over the course of the ten months we were with them, we were downgraded from having our own space, to sharing space, to living in a tent. And again, because of the conditioning, we were fine with the change.
Sometime during the early evening, we went back down to the dining hall and kitchen which was across the way from the main office. Here, we met a variety of characters, including Tuva, a humble appearing guy with a large social network he brought with him to the project, and Daniella, who would turn out to be mommy dearest as she was the sole woman controlling us for the majority of our adventure on the west coast. A Brazillian native, she was as good of a manipulator as she was a cook, and we all enjoyed a wonderful meal on our first night in Oregon.
Before the night was up, we went behind the kitchen to smoke with a man named Grizzly; a wild looking man who mostly kept quiet but had a mouth to use if he needed it. It was the first time we smoked in Oregon and it felt liberating to finally be in a legal state. But, as freeing and fun as being able to smoke whenever we wanted, I believe the abundance of weed we were constantly fed was a means to keep us docile. Daniella always made sure we had some weed, and would frequently smoke with us. I feel I would have been able to say something as things changed if I were not dependent on the constant stream of marijuana.
Afterwards, we went back to Carmen Hall with a couple of members who also stayed there, and Daniella performed a pendulum reading for me and my girlfriend. Holding a crystal on a chain, she “read” the direction it spun as she brought it up in alignment with our chakras. She was spot on and I wanted to say that she had excellent observation skills, but I kept my mouth shut. I didn’t want to offend anyone’s beliefs, especially my girlfriend who considered herself a mystic and bought into the act.
That night we cuddled in our room, smiling as wide as our mouths could. We had done it - we successfully started our new lives and were going to be a part of something we still had yet to fully comprehend. Everything was new and exciting, and while we were overjoyed, we were glad we had each other because things were still scary. If only we had known then how scary things would become.
Chapter 3
The next morning, we showered, dressed, and went down to the kitchen. There was a slight fog in the air, and we saw a family of deer in a clearing off the road. We would see this family of deer several times during out stay at Triangle Lake, which greatly enthused my girlfriend. She said they were a symbol of wisdom, and must be a good sign as we continued to be indoctrinated by the new age beliefs of the group.
We were early, as our daily meetings were at ten and that is when most people started to show up at the office. But Grizzly was there, as he stayed at the nurses station that sat next to the main office. He offered us some dabs, which just further enforced our belief that this was a great group to be a part of. He also offered me a metal six-shooter pipe, which proved to be the main piece I would smoke out of for the entirety of our adventure.
Breakfast consisted of whatever we could scrounge up. There was a huge walk-in freezer in the kitchen that hosted tons of food when we first got there. There were also a wide selection of dry foods such as figs and nuts. That whole selection would dwindle over time, as the group got everything as donations, usually by soliciting the local food pantries and the Eugene mission and much was close to their expiration dates. It was common to open the freezer and find something moldy.
This was the first time I really interacted with Doran. Doran looked a lot like me - complete with similar beard and glasses - but had shorter, curlier, and darker hair. It was joked that “I was another you.” He appeared to be a really kind-hearted person, and we frequently went to him with problems. This is likely planned as well, to have someone to vent the frustrations we were experiencing as the project transitioned to something different than what we signed up for. I opened up to him before I did with other members, even asking for relationship advice as they tried turning Awen and I against each other between, and received what I now consider a long-standing act of being a good ear with standard advice from the group. Still, he was funny and I enjoyed making strange mixtures of food with him.
As it neared ten, we shuffled to the office to have our meeting. The office had two rooms, and we were all huddled in a circle in one of them. This was nice during the coming months as it was also the only room with the heater. These meetings proved to be a main means to program us, as there were many exchanges that could have only been scripted. We would often talk about one thing, but there would be a subtopic that was teased that would change the meaning of the whole meeting in the context that I heard it. Often there would be some crosstalk in the kitchen beforehand, or something during the day that warped my understanding of what was said
We were required to work thirty hours a week in order to receive our basic income of two hundred dollars a month, as per our agreements before moving to the headquarters. However, it wasn’t long before they duped us by saying the basic income would be used to cover our time staying at Triangle Lake. We weren’t able to fight it, because our tongues were tied by the desire to fit in and be accepted by the group. The ways that they changed things were gradual and deliberate, so that you would never really feel like you were getting taken advantage of. It was just a change, which was alright, because there was a world to save and we were the group who was going to get it done.
That was one of the major ways they were able to get away with a lot of the back-pedaling of agreements - they would always have new, unexpected surprises waiting for us. It was gradual, but they introduced several new elements of communal living that required us to sacrifice more of our money and autonomy. They did this by having so-and-so nonchalantly bringing up these concerns in the meetings, then downplaying the resulting effects as something that should be expected, then agreeing with Dakota or Lila.
Keeping track of my hours was a joke. For everything I did, I was told I should have taken less time in order to do. The criticism I received came tongue-in-cheek and constructive at first, but steadily devolved into a series of harsh critiques that would leave me distraught and unable to think clearly. I was still unmedicated back then, and my emotional state was as turbulent as a hurricane. They did similar things to my girlfriend, as Lila took her under her wing, treating her as her child in order to take advantage of her own trauma she had with her mother.
If there was one thing these people really excelled at it is control. They figured us out quickly and efficiently and then used our traumas against us. Our second night there consisted of an informal group of the residents who stayed at Carmen Hall staring into each other’s eyes and then saying out loud what we felt at that moment. I remember staring at Daniella, who was a silhouette with the lamp directly behind her, and asking for healing. Something about the way she stared at me seemed to provoke a sense of trust and I felt that she would be able to help with a lot of the problems.
That’s one way they won over us and got us to do whatever they wanted. They are experts at gaining people’s trust and then they take advantage of that fact. Through these scripted and planned events they were able to warp our realities to the point where we were already robotic slaves right off the bat. We certainly were eager to earn their approval and work our way to a position where we were seen as valuable members of the project.
One of these planned events was Kukui’s birthday, which was just a few days after we got there. Kukui was a groundskeeper who had previously lived in Hawaii and was joked as being a ginger Jesus. He was an incredible person who really cared about the Earth. I have no idea if he was part of the manipulation or if he was there on similar beliefs that this was a group doing immense good in the world.
Early on during the night’s preparation, Dakota and Lila walked up to us and asked if we wanted to go out to eat with them. This struck us as odd that they would abandon Kukui on his birthday, but we didn’t see it as too weird at the time. We struck up a conversation, where it was revealed that Dakota had two EBT cards from different states.
One big hook they sunk into us was the idea that it was us versus the government. They managed to convince us that the institutions of the world were parasitic - which they usually are - but did it in such a way that made us feel like we were in a spiritual war against the bad boogie men of the world. And they managed this by gradually exposing us to more and more deliberate acts of defiance, in order to manifest our own sovereignty against the parasitic government.
It’s what led to us accepting some of their more diabolic schemes. For instance, there was talk about building a village in Ava, Missouri, moving all their people in, and then taking over the mayorship. They chose Missouri for this plan due to the different building codes of the state. In the moment, this seemed like a brilliant plan for expanding the influence of Earth Nation, but in hindsight appears to be a dystopian means to increase their power and continue taking advantage of people.
These were little seeds they planted that made us more comfortable with doing certain things that we otherwise wouldn’t. Awen was particularly uncomfortable with many of the things we did, but eventually they did get her to help out with their schemes. By keeping us under fear and gradually conditioning us, they were able to make us obedient as we were always looking out for our immediate survival.
Fear. That is an emotion I am now excessively familiar with as a result of this cult. While I have battled paranoia all my life, they took those primal emotions and twisted them to the point that I had no idea which way was up. Each day gradually became a battle while being on high alert, as I constantly scrambled to overcome whatever artificial set-backs were planted in my way and keep up with the workload that was presented to me.
My first exposure to this form of emotional manipulation came during Halloween. The night began jovially as Doran wore a plastic bag as a costume and invented a new dance that we all participated in. Daniella was preparing a large meal in the kitchen while we helped and played in rhythm to one another. The dinner we shared was only part of the night’s events that would change my life completely.
After dinner, Awen and I went back to our room and talked about what we wanted to do that night. The rest of the group was still down at the dining hall and preparing for a fun night of festivities. Awen was not opposed to me going, but she was and still is a pagan and wanted to celebrate her ancestors as per the tradition of Samhain. I debated spending the night with her, but the opportunity to spend time with these new people in our life made me curious as to what they would be doing. I will also admit that I was much more controlled by my addictive nature and was excited to drink with them.
So down I went. As I entered the dining hall, I saw that they were drinking tequila and generally having a great time. Naturally, I joined in and took a shot. Jovial times were had, and some time later I was offered another shot, but I did not see them pour this one. This turned out to be a crucial mistake on my part as I would find out that there was something else, something with psychedelic qualities, in the drink. It was not LSD, as I am familiar with the effects of that drug, so I am at a loss for what it could have been.
As the night went on I began to feel funny. It wasn’t until we were in a smoke circle that I began to notice something was wrong. I had trouble forming words and when Grizzly asked me a question all I could muster was a “hi!” This tripped me up and I went inside to go sit down.
This is where my memory starts to get fuzzy. I was mostly left alone as I sat cross-legged on a mat on the floor, but eventually there were three other people sitting around me, with a bottle placed in the center of us. I remember Prism and Josh, a carpenter who was doing some work on the buildings at Triangle Lake, were two of the people surrounding me, but I don’t remember any of the conversation they were having. I just remember getting really spooked at that time and tried to leave.
I don’t know how long it took me to get back to Awen, but I do remember the headlights of a vehicle coming down the hill as I was going up. It was late by the time I made it back in into Carmen Hall, which suggests that I have no memory of what happened after the apparent spin-the-bottle episode. My memory starts to get better as I remember lying there with Awen trying to articulate what was going on, but my words just spiraled into incomprehensible nonsense. She was worried for me, just as I was worried for myself.
The next morning continued on as if nothing ever happened, but I was emotionally jostled for the next few days. Nothing was ever said about what happened the night before, and a part of me was terrified that something happened Because my mother had AIDS, and that is a terror I still battle to this day, I obsessed over the idea that Prism, who was HIV positive, may have done something with me. I’ve since been tested and everything’s fine, but for a while I was terrified that I was raped.
Was that a rational or irrational fear? I’ll never know. What I do know is that they took advantage of my perturbed state by subtly twisting the knife in the following days with their synchronous set-ups, making me feel guilty that I did not choose to spend time with Awen that night, and thus making me work harder than ever before.
Chapter 4 in comments
submitted by Shrugbeternowthaneva to ShrugLifeSyndicate [link] [comments]

Establishing a smart contract commercial scenario: Chainlink, Zk-Snarks and sharding technology work together to make the ultimate killer

This text was translated from Chinese, open following link in Chrome and translate to see all images:
EDIT: found an English text with pictures:
Author: Feng Jie translation: Liu Sha
“The highest state of technology is to integrate into the various scenes of everyday life, to fade away from high-tech outerwear and become a part of everyday life.” – Mark Weiser
People in the future will not even think that smart contracts are "innovative." By that time, smart contracts would permeate every aspect of life, and people couldn't even imagine what the era of non-digital currency would look like.
Later historians may divide human business history into two eras, the pre-smart contract era and the post-smart contract era. After all, digital money has brought unprecedented changes to the nature and patterns of business practices in the real world. An anonymous member of the Chainlink community once said: "Smart contracts can change the DNA of the business."
Of course, like all the technological revolutions of the past, smart contracts also need to reach a "tipping point" to truly achieve large-scale applications. So we need to ask ourselves two questions:
  1. What exactly is this so-called tipping point?
  2. As of August 2019, have we reached this tipping point?
To reach the tipping point means unlocking the ultimate nirvana of business.
Tipping point We can think about this issue from the perspective of mainstream companies. Imagine what a perfect smart contract platform should look like. What characteristics should this platform have? Or what features must be possessed?
To reach the tipping point, you must establish a public chain with the following four characteristics:
  1. Privacy protection
  2. In addition to the cryptocurrency, the transaction can also be settled in mainstream legal currency and comply with the regulatory requirements of financial markets such as ISO 20022.
  3. Achieve scalability without sacrificing decentralization or security, that is, solving the "impossible triangle problem."
  4. Connect the external data under the chain, that is, solve the "prophecy problem."
Now that we have Chainlink, zk-snarks and sharding technology, we have reached this tipping point.
Next, let's explore how this ultimate nirvana is actually made. Our discussion will be mainly from the perspective of Ethereum, which is still the top smart contract platform for community size and mainstream applications.
So what about the private chain?
Before delving into it, I want to take the time to solve an unavoidable problem. The mainstream view has always believed that the private chain is a more suitable solution for the enterprise. Therefore, we first dialectically analyze the two advantages and two major drawbacks of the private chain.
  1. Centralization leads to relatively lower security
It's not surprising that IBM and Maersk's blockchain freight alliances have a hard time finding customers who are willing to join. How can other freight companies be willing to let their biggest competitors (Maersk) verify their trading data? Only madmen dare to do this.
  1. The staking of the horses occupy the hills:
This problem is even more serious than centralization. John Wolpert, co-founder of the IBM blockchain, wrote an excellent article called Breaking the Barriers to Realize Security: Why Companies Should Embrace the Ethereum Public Chain, which he covered in detail in the article.
If every company builds its own private chain, it will lead to chaos in the mountains. Today's B2B ecosystem is very complex. Imagine the innumerable private chains of the world intertwined to form a huge "spider web." This is not only cost-effective, but also not scalable.
The starting point of the blockchain is to break down barriers instead of building more barriers.
"One day, one of your big buyers called you to ask if you want to join their private chain. You promised. The next day you received a call from the wholesaler to ask you the same question. Then came the supplier, freight. Business, insurance company or even bank, and each company may have several private chains! Finally you have to invest a lot of time and cost to operate dozens of blockchains every day . If there are partners to let you join them at this time The private chain, you might say "Forget it, or fax me the order!" ”—Paul Brody (Ernst & Young)
“Every time you connect two private chains through a system integrator, you have to pay a lot of money .”
  1. Scalability: With the Ethereum public chain implementing fragmentation technology, this advantage is rapidly shrinking.
  2. Privacy protection: At this stage, the classification of public chain / private chain is actually not very accurate. The Aztec , Zether, and Nightfall protocols (both based on the zk-snarks protocol) effectively provide a "private chain model" for the Ethereum public chain, allowing it to switch between the public and private chains. Therefore, a more accurate classification should be the alliance chain and the public chain.
By 2020, the label of the public chain/private chain will gradually disappear. The public and private chains will no longer be two opposing concepts. Instead, the concept of publicly traded/private transactions and confidential contracts/open contracts is changed, and the scope of these transactions and contracts varies according to specific needs, either bilaterally or multilaterally or even publicly.
All in all, the private chain has two major drawbacks compared to the public chain. Not only that, but the two major advantages of the private chain are also rapidly disappearing.
“Technology will evolve over time, so there will be a variety of solutions to solve existing problems. Ultimately, the public-chain platform will have the same performance, scalability and data privacy as the private chain, while at the same time ensuring security and Decentralized."
Feature 1: Privacy protection (predictive machine and public chain privacy)
Enigma founder Guy Zyskind once joked in his MIT graduation thesis that smart contracts can only become commercially valuable if they become "confidential contracts." He later proposed that zk-snarks and Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) are the most promising solutions. He said nothing wrong.
What is zk-snarks ? Zk-snarks is a zero-knowledge proof mechanism (ZPK). So what is the zero-knowledge proof mechanism? In short: a zero-knowledge proof mechanism allows you to prove that you own certain information without revealing the content of the information.
Vitalik Buterin explained this concept in detail from a technical point of view in an article published in 2017. Hackernoon also wrote an excellent article explaining the concept in an easy-to-understand way with the example of a five-year-old child and Halloween candy.
What is the trusted execution environment? The trusted execution environment lets the code run on closed hardware, and
1 ) The guarantee result cannot be tampered with
2 ) Protecting absolute privacy, even hardware running code can't get confidential information.
The most well-known trusted execution environment is Intel SGX. Chainlink has established a partnership with Intel SGX after acquiring Tom Crier.
Ernst & Young released the Nightfall agreement on Github on May 31, 2019. A well-known accounting firm with a history of 100 years will choose to add privacy features to the public chain instead of developing a private chain. This is a problem.
Since then, the community has been actively developing on this basis, not only to improve the code, but also to develop a plug-and-play Truffle Box for those who are not good at writing code. Blockchain communities and businesses generally rarely collaborate, so these collaborations fully demonstrate the popularity of Nightfall.
Prior to this, two zk-snark-based Ethereum public chain privacy protocols were introduced, namely AZTEC (Consensys) and Zether (Stanford, JPMorgan Chase). An obvious trend is slowly taking shape.
In the field of oracles, Chainlink uses both zero-knowledge proof and a trusted execution environment to complement each other. Trusted execution environments guarantee data privacy, even for nodes that cannot access data (this feature is critical for bank accounts and API keys).
Chainlink is still trying to implement a trusted execution environment, and nodes can access data temporarily, so authentication services are also needed. Although the credible execution environment is almost 100% foolproof, in theory, a strong shield has a spear that can penetrate it. Therefore, the team is currently trying to run zk-snarks in a trusted execution environment (Thomas Hodges mentioned this in the 2019 Trufflecon Q&A session). The combination of the two can form a very robust and complete system. The attacker must find a way to strip all the layers of an onion at the same time to make any effective attack (and it is already difficult to peel off a layer of skin).
“Chainlink combines a trusted execution environment with zero-knowledge proof to build what we call a defense-in-depth system, which means they provide all the tools needed for smart contract developers, including trusted execution environments, multiple nodes, and Data sources, fine margins, reputation systems, asymmetric encryption, zero-knowledge proofs, WASM, and OTP+RNG, these features allow smart contract developers to adjust the confidentiality and cost of contracts based on specific budget and security needs. Machine, Chainlink and its four major application scenarios》
In the future, zk-snarks may be upgraded to zk-starks (a fully transparent zero-knowledge proof mechanism) that protects the system from quantum computer attacks. And the best thing about zk-starks is that it's more scalable than zk-snarks. In other words, it can better protect privacy, and the cost of gas will not increase.
If you want to learn more about zk-starks, you can read a popular science article written by Adam Luciano.
Feature 2: Scalability (scalability of predictive machines and public chains) To understand this problem, we can make an analogy like this:
A public chain is like a large enterprise, and every employee (ie, a node) must attend each meeting (ie, confirm each transaction). Imagine how inefficient this company is! Only customers who have a lot of money (ie gas fees) can get their requests to the forefront. And this is not the most serious problem. The most serious problem is that the more employees (ie nodes) who join the company, the harder it is for the company to function properly! In the end, the company not only failed to expand linearly, but also became smaller and smaller. Although this guarantees decentralization and security to the greatest extent, the price is completely abandoning scalability.
There are various temporary fire fighting solutions, but no one solution can completely solve this "impossible triangle problem." For example, EOS uses the DPOS mechanism (share authorization certification mechanism), where only 21 super nodes (many of which are well-known nodes) are responsible for verifying all transactions.
Sidechains (such as Bitcoin's Lightning Network and Ethereum's lightning network) guarantee scalability and decentralization at the expense of security.
So how to use the fragmentation technology to solve this problem? Let's make another analogy:
In reality, there is only one company that is not too much to ask everyone to attend all meetings, that is, small start-ups (that is, private chains that limit the number of nodes).
In most cases, large companies divide employees into thousands of teams (ie, shards), and each team's principal (ie, the certifier) ​​is responsible for reporting to the senior management (ie, the main chain). If people from different teams need to collaborate (and sometimes also), then they can collaborate by cross-shard receipts. If a new employee joins the company, the team can be re-segmented (ie re-sharding). This allows for linear expansion.
In fact, the process of developing a start-up to a large enterprise is surprisingly similar to the process of Ethereum 1.0 developing into Ethereum 2.0.
“The Ethereum 1.0 period is that several people who are alone are trying to build a world computer; and Ethereum 2.0 will really develop into a world computer.” Vitalik Buterin said in the first piece of the workshop.
Since Ethereum was not originally built on the principle of fragmentation, it takes seven steps to achieve the goal (this is a bit like the word morphing solitaire game). The first step is planned for January 3, 2020.
At the same time, developers can use many other blockchain platforms designed based on the fragmentation principle. Some platforms, including Zilliqa and Quarkchain, are already compatible with Chainlink.
If you want to see more in-depth technical analysis of shards, check out an article by Ramy Zhang.
In the field of oracles, Chainlink has the following two characteristics:
1 ) Use Schnorr threshold signatures to quickly reach consensus in a cost-effective manner. The next version of the chain only needs 16,000 gas.
2 ) We have previously discussed the need to use trusted execution environment hardware to ensure that nodes cannot access sensitive data. Since you have hardware in your hand, you can use it to do some actual computing work, so that you can properly reduce the amount of computation on the smart contract platform.
"With the SGX system (Town Crier) and zero-knowledge proof technology, the oracle can be truly reliable and confidential, so the boundaries between the oracle and the smart contract are beginning to flow... Our long-term strategy... is to let The predictor becomes the key chain of computing resources used by most smart contracts. We believe that the way to achieve this goal is to perform chain operations in the oracle to meet various computing needs, and then send the results to the smart contract."Chainlink White Paper, Section 6.3 (26 pages)
Of course, this “long-term strategy” has certain risks, unless Chainlink can implement a trusted execution environment and its service provider ecosystem can achieve a qualitative leap. However, the Chainlink team's vision is absolutely forward-looking: under-chain computing is a key factor in ensuring that blockchains are not dragged down by large amounts of IoT data.
The Internet of Things has dramatically increased the current state of big data. At present, most of the data is still generated on the software side, and it is not real-time data, and most of the data in the future will be real-time data generated on the sensor side. One of the big drawbacks of real-time data is that it increases storage pressure. For example, Coughlin Associates expects an unmanned car to generate 1G of data per second. This means that the same car will produce 3.6T data per hour!
The only viable solution is to do real-time analysis of the data, rather than storing the data first. In the Global Cloud Index: 2016-2021 Forecast and Methodology White Paper, Cisco predicts that more than 90% of data in 2021 will be analyzed in real time without storage.
That is to say, the essence of data is that it can only exist in just one instant. The nature of the blockchain is not to be modified, so the two are as incompatible as water and oil.
The solution is to analyze the raw data under the chain, extract the meaningful results and send them to the blockchain. The combination of fragmentation technology and trusted execution environment forms a new computing architecture, similar to the cloud computing-fog computing-edge computing architecture.
It should be noted here that it is good to improve computing power, but this is not the main purpose of the blockchain.
The fundamental purpose of the blockchain is not to reduce the original cost of computing and data storage. After all, technology giants such as Amazon, Microsoft, Google, Salesforce, Tencent, Alibaba, and Dropbox have built world-class cloud services. The centralized server wins high computational efficiency (but the blockchain will greatly improve the computational efficiency through fragmentation technology, and will catch up with it one day). The value of the blockchain is to reduce the cost of building trust. Nick Szabo calls it "social scalability" (this is a relative concept to the "operational" scalability we have been talking about). Vitalik Buterin also made it clear that the meaning of smart contracts is to accept small arithmetic delay penalties in exchange for a substantial reduction in "social costs."
Alex Coventry of the Chainlink team once raised the question: "We have missed many opportunities for cooperation and reciprocity because we can't confirm whether the other party will fulfill the promise?"
Is there any potential for data storage projects like Siacoin and IPFS? What about decentralized computing projects like SONM and Golem?
Siacoin 's core value proposition is not that its computing efficiency is higher than traditional cloud services. The cost of computing is required to split, repeat, and reassemble data. And companies are more capable of buying the latest and greatest hardware than individuals. Siacoin's core value proposition is to process data in an Airbnb-like mode, so management fees will be lower than traditional models. It also generates additional social value, such as flood control, privacy and security, and anti-censorship.
The same is true of Golem and SONM. Even with the most efficient protocol, it is inevitable that a small amount of delay will be imposed and fined to coordinate the hardware of different geographical locations. Therefore, under the condition that all other conditions are equal, the centralized hardware still has the advantage of faster computing speed. However, the core value proposition of the above project is to use the Airbnb-like model to reduce management costs.
We must strictly distinguish between "social scalability" and "operational scalability", and the two cannot be confused. I will explain these two concepts in detail when I discuss "Magic Bus and Lightweight Library" later.
Feature 3: Compatible with legal currency
Most mainstream companies do not regard cryptocurrencies as "real currencies." In addition, even if someone wants to use cryptocurrency for trading, it is very difficult to actually operate because of its high price volatility. I discussed the “price volatility problem” in detail in Chapters 8 and 9 of the previous article. These problems do not completely erase the existence value of cryptocurrencies, because cryptocurrencies also have many advantages that legal currency does not have. I am just emphasizing what we need to know more about the comfort zone of mainstream companies.
Chainlink acts as a universal API connector that triggers open banking payments. Chainlink is fully compliant with ISO 20022 and has established a long-term partnership with SWIFT (it is worth mentioning that SWIFT has not been updated for a long time and hopes to be updated after the SIBOS 2019 conference).
PSD2 will take effect on September 14, 2019. All banks in the EU will all comply with this new regulation by then. In other words, the bank must put all account data in the "front end" and can be called through the API. The approved third party (ie, the Chainlink node) can trigger the payment directly without the payment service provider.
Although the United States and Japan have not adopted similar laws, many banks still spontaneously promote the development of open banks. Banks open APIs to third-party developers to create new revenue streams and customer experiences that ultimately increase profitability. In addition, this will allow banks to better respond to competitors in the mobile payment and financial technology sectors in an APP-centric economic model.
As this open banking revolution continues, Chainlink will connect smart contracts with the world's major currencies (US dollar, euro, yen, etc.).
Only one external adapter is required to connect to the authenticated API. From a programming perspective, it is relatively simple to allow everyone in the community to contribute code to the code base (and thus achieve scalability). Chainlink has released adapters for PayPal and Mister Tango (European version of PayPal).
Feature 4: Data connection with the chain
Chainlink has been working on solving the "prophecy problem" and successfully succeeded on the main online line on May 30, 2019.
Chainlink has made many achievements in just a few months. Provable (formerly Oraclize) was successfully used on the Chainlink node and finally settled the debate about whether the predictor should be centralized or decentralized.
Synthetic Ether lost 37 million Ethercoins in a hack because it did not connect to Chainlink. Fortunately, the money was finally recovered and did not cause any loss. This lesson illustrates the importance of decentralized oracles.
In addition, both Oracle and Google have partnered with Chainlink to monetize their API data and create a virtuous circle to capture the market opportunities that Facebook missed.
There are new nodes coming online every week, and the network activity has been very high. The Chainlink team maintains a list of certified nodes in the documentation and Twitter releases. Twitter user CryptoSponge also set up a new development for the Tableau push update Chainlink team:
Regarding the importance of the current stage in the history of blockchain development, Brad Huston summed it up very brilliantly:
"The biggest problem with cryptocurrencies is to build bridges between cryptocurrencies, fiat currencies and big data. Chainlink is very beautifully narrowing the distance between the three. Now it can even be said: 'The bridge has been built.'"
Magic bus and lightweight library
Let's summarize what we discussed earlier. The real purpose of the blockchain is to reduce the cost of building trust and achieve "social scalability."
Therefore, according to this logic, the main application scenarios of platforms such as Ethereum 2.0 and Zilliqa should be in the B2B field. I quote a sentence I wrote in a previous article:
“My conclusion is: If the smart contract is successful, it will also succeed in the B2B field first.”
The private chain itself is self-contradictory and destined to fail. It has led to the phenomenon of occupying the hills, thus increasing the social cost, which is in opposition to B2B itself, and ultimately it is self-restraint. ”
Before the emergence of fragmentation technology, even simple games (ie, etheric cats) could not be smoothly run on the public chain, let alone dealing with complex B2B contracts and even changing commercial DNA. With the sharding technology, everything is ready.
Despite this, we can't use Ethereum 2.0 as an all-powerful platform. Just now we said that although it is a good thing to speed up the calculation, this is not the real purpose of Ethereum 2.0. And before we also said that due to the irreversible modification of the blockchain, it is not good to deal with a large number of fleeting real-time data of the Internet of Things. In other words, we must be soberly aware that Ethereum 2.0 will not replace traditional web 2.0. Instead, we should make better use of the real advantages of Ethereum 2.0:
“There is a new concept now, that is to think of the Ethereum main network as a global bus... We use the Ethereum 2.0 main network to treat various business resources as a working group on Slack: it can be easily built and integrated. And restructuring. The SAP inventory management system in your company, the dealer's JD Edwards ERP system, and the financial technology partner's tall blockchain system can seamlessly interface, eliminating the need to develop an infrastructure specifically for each partner." - John Wolper describes his ideal "magic bus"
Ethereum 2.0 should be an integration center, not a data center or computing center. It should be a library built specifically to store B2B contract terms (to be honest, even with fragmentation technology, the amount of data is large enough).
We should not expect Ethereum 2.0 to be an all-powerful platform, but rather develop it into a "lightweight library."
If we reorder the pyramid model just now, the architecture of the magic bus is obvious:
Of course, the positional relationship in the above model is not static. With the development of 5G technology, edge computing and IoT sensors, they may bypass the cloud to directly interact (or even bypass the fog end). If the collaboration between Iotex and Chainlink is successful, then the edge can interact directly with the trusted execution environment.
Time will tell if Airbnb's shared data storage and computing model can make management costs lower than the current mainstream Web 2.0 model. Time will also prove whether the market really needs anti-censorship, anti-tampering, security protection and privacy protection. Do users really care about these social values ​​and are willing to pay for them? Do they think these are just the icing on the cake or the most fundamental value?
in conclusion
Whether it is the battle between web2.0 and web3.0 or the battle between cryptocurrency and legal currency, one thing is beyond doubt:
We have reached the tipping point, and the era of smart contracts with commercial value has arrived.
In fact, the only problem at the moment is the time issue, and the main roadblocks have been basically cleared.
  1. When will Ethereum 2.0 finish these 7 stages and be officially released?
  2. When will Chainlink use a trusted execution environment on a large scale? If the cooperation between Intel SGX and Town Crier fails, what alternative plans are there? Will Chainlink communicate with other blockchain teams that plan to use a trusted execution environment (such as Dawn Song's Oasis Labs)?
At present, the main technical problems in the ecosystem have been solved, and now it is only necessary to recruit a group of enthusiastic developers to do the work of “connecting the line”.
Digital currency has changed commercial DNA, and the future is full of possibilities.
The only thing that hinders us now is our own imagination. The future is infinitely imaginative, and the future will be the world of developers. Dapps is already overwhelming. There is no doubt that we have found the ultimate nirvana.
This text was translated from Chinese, open following in Chrome and translate to see all images:
submitted by QuantLink to LINKTrader [link] [comments]

Everything I need to know about scaling?

As a total noob I'm trying to collect information about ethereum's so-called scaling problem. I understand that at the moment it supports more tx/s than bitcoin at a lesser cost, but that the tx/s are still significantly less than something like EOS. I've seen references to the fact that etherum has "scaling" problems and that these might be addressed by...plasma? Casper? Something else?
If anybody could help clear up the fog with regard to this concept I'd greatly appreciate it! It seemed like something that might be in the main pinned post but doesn't look to be.
submitted by MR_Weiner to ethereum [link] [comments]

IOTA Founders AMA - Summary of Important Questions & Answers

The full transcript can be found here, where the AMA took place earlier. The AMA included both David Sønstebø and Dominik Schiener.


Questions and answers:

[1] - Question by Tom Limb:
With the IOTA Data Marketplace, will companies and organisations be able to use their own token/currency, or will they have to use the IOTA token?
[1] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
They will use the IOTA network both for data integrity as well as iota tokens for transactional payments. It would make very little sense to have a separate token for each company or each datum type, it would just be chaos.
[2] - Question by Mark Knoedler:
@David: Is it possible that we can invite you to our high tech Company talking about IOTA? I think it will be interesting for both sides.
[2] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
I'll look into this for sure. Remind me on twitter as well, quite hectic AMA :)
[2] - Answer by Dominik Schiener:
Considering that this is Zeiss, I'm more than happy to do it.
[3] - Question by Dark Den:
Have you planned some conference in France? A really few person knows about it, and it's soooo sad.. Thanks !
[3] - Answer by Dominik Schiener:
There will be a meetup at Microsoft in Paris on the 14th. Don't tell anyone ;)
[4] - Question by NerveKek:
How many transactions per second are necessary to secure the tangle in order the shut down the COO?
[4] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
There is no fixed number, however, we are doing a lot of research together with several universities with supercomputers and professors from all across the globe to get a better idea. That being said we will phase out the current Coordinator model in favor of a distributed one soonish, then finally the Tangle will be 100% independent.
[5] - Question by Carpincho:
Right now, what are the major pendents for the "production ready" transition of IOTA?
[5] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
Definitely more tangle algo optimization, numerous security audits, more deployments in pilots on the live network and then finally standardization of the individual IOTA components.
[6] - Question by Tim van Helsdingen:
When do you expect IOTA to be go out of beta and be ready for mass adoption? And is there any news regarding the release of jinn? Since that is a big part of the puzzle, correct?
[6] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
This is IOTA focused, so I won't respond regarding Jinn here. As for when it is 'out of beta', that is an impossible question. All of the current distributed ledger projects (including Bitcoin which is 9 years old and Ethereum which is 4 years into it) are still in beta. Going from beta to production readiness will be an iterative process, it's kind of like asking where two overlapping inkblots begin/end, or where two clouds that are merging begin and end, it's a gradient. A gradual process. However, we believe that 2018 will put us quite close to what most would call 'production ready', at least the core layer.
[7] - Question by Ben:
Whats a use case for IOTA you are the most excited about/hope to see in the future?
[7] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
Personally, I am the most excited about the symbiosis of an open flow of secured data and fog/mist analytics done in real time. This democratization of data will pave the way for a whole new information highway, unlike anything the world has ever seen before.
[7] - Answer by Dominik Schiener:
To give you a non-IOT use case: Remittances. It's a huge market, and IOTA's ability to transact money (no matter how much) for free, is truly a game changer for remittances.
[8] - Question by Sébastien Bulte:
Will we learn more about the IOTA partnerships throughout December?
[8] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
Yes, however, we do not want the IOTA project to be focused around just large partnerships and announcements, at the end of the day open source projects live and day by how fertile its grassroots are. We will be focusing a lot of resources on making IOTA as developer friendly as possible
[9] - Question by Jeremy Amadé Edwards:
Are you completely confident that Iota will function as intended (free transactions, accelerating scalability, network security) without the coordinator? What is a rough timeframe until full and independent functionality? Do you think Ethereum will solve these same problems? Do you think their solutions will be as neat? How might a competitor improve on free, scalable, and secure? What applications are you most excited about? Are there any threats to Iota or the crypto market in general that worry you? Can this revolution be stopped? Can it be slowed? How? Modesty aside, do you believe the tangle will dominate blockchain, or is there indeed room for both technologies?
[9] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
Are we completely confident that IOTA will function as intended without the coordinator? As confident as one can be in a world full of unknown variables. We have formal proofs, simulations, tests and a lot of architectural work that makes us very confident that it will indeed.
I do not believe Ethereum can solve the same problems, simply because in order to do so they would have to revamp their entire architecture to the point where it would no longer be Ethereum, and I don't think the miners or eventually stakers would ever vote "yes" on a proposal to kill their profits after their heavy investments. Ethereum is an interesting project, but they have a tendency to make very lavish claims and never deliver on deadlines. Hofstader's law need to be kept in mind of course, it's hard to deliver on time, but Ethereum isn't even PoS yet... So in summary: I highly doubt it, but more importantly: I don't think they should. Ethereum was never meant as a transactional settlement layer.
I am the most excited about the synergy between secure data and analytics, but beyond that I am also very excited about web 3.0 applications and the Sharing Economy 3.0.
I do not think that the revolution behind Distributed Ledger Technology and permissionless innovation through decentralized technologies can be stopped. The momentum and necessity for it is simply to great.
[10] - Question by Hunter Harms:
When can we expect case studies from the companies participating in the newly released data marketplace? Do you think a positive review of the data marketplace by these companies will bring mainstream attention?
[10] - Answer by David Sønstebø:
The Data Marketplace will run for 2 months before we do thorough analytics and a subsequent case study will be released together with the participants. I definitely believe that this will bring a lot real world attention towards IOTA, outside of the typical speculator bubble that regrettably most blockchain projects exist within.
[10] - Answer by Dominik Schiener:
Together with our partners we are currently working on these case studies and concrete Proof of Concepts how the data marketplace will help shape certain industries. Our focus right now is on use cases in: Supply Chain, Mobility, Energy, Agriculture, Insurance and Health Care. We will also get some experts on GDPR involved to help write a report on the technical and legal barriers facing a distributed data marketplace.
submitted by fast_grammar to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

What do you think about the ''bitcoin revolution"?

I really think it is the light at the end of the tunnel.
submitted by tonibrocas to Anarchism [link] [comments]

I had $300+ disappear on bitcoin fog today...

I sent $300+ to Bitcoin fog today and 5 hours later it still hasn't showed up. I can see the deposit and that it went to the correct address in I've sent multiple notes to support through the site but no luck so far. The address I'm using is http://foggeddriztrcar2.onion. Anyone else having issues?
Edit: Issue is resolved, hardware problem on their side
submitted by bitcoinfogreport to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Newbie perspective: the core/theymos control of the message is real and effective.

I just bought my first bitcoin a couple months ago. Since then I branched out to some alts, nothing serious.
I never considered buying bitcoin cash because of the constant propaganda against it. It seemed like some cheesy knockoff.
However, I like technical details. So, I read those discussions and whitepapers. I always had confusion regarding segwit. It seemed like a poor choice from a technical perspective. But it did address some problems and the ENTIRE community SEEMED to be for it. So much so, that I thought getting segwit without 2x was a big win for the little guy.
I don't remember I stumbled across this community as many try to censor it. It was just some random post, I think. Anyways, as I said, I like technical details so I start digging around here and WHOA! It was like the fog was lifted and a light turned on.
Everything started to make sense. All of my nagging questions that I chalked up to my lack of understanding.
I only wish I had found this community earlier.
Anyway, I know this probably comes across as some echo chamber post without much content.
But I want you to know:
They do control the message received by the masses. Their spin and propaganda is good. Newbies looking to buy bitcoin first and later get into crypto will get the message everywhere that segwit is good, 2x is bad, and bitcoin cash is a cheap knockoff.
Although, I'd like to think the recent spike in value will open people's eyes, I know their machine won't rest and they will adjust their message to still keep people away.
submitted by LookAnts to btc [link] [comments]

Homelab collective ressources post!

Hey guys!
I'm fairly new to this sub and to having a home lab in general and I found this community to be so kind and helping, I wanted to give back what I've learned. I'm seeing a lot of questions asked around on improvements and on what to do with x extra hardware so I thought it would be nice to have a thread to regroup that.
I'll put here some stuff I gathered and the most common questions I've seen, feel free to contribute and i'll update the post along.
Latest Additions
Homelab Dashboard
Posts about dashboards have been growing lately and here are some of the best that were kind enough to provide us with their sources.
User Screenshot Source
yours truly
NiknakSi TBA
yourofl10 TBA
mescon & SyNiK4L
Or build yours from scratch: PRTG API, ELK, Grafana, freeboard, JumpSquares
Some other resources: Custom Monitoring Scripts by 0110010001100010
Credits to apt64 for his original post
= Pi specific =
= Download Automation =
= Virtualization =
= Monitoring =
= Media Center =
= Remote access =
= VOIP =
= Networking =
= File Servers/Storage/RAID =
= Cameras =
= Documentation =
= Dynamic DNS =
= Backup =
= Creating network diagrams =
= Guides =
= Misc =
That's all I could come up with on top of my head + some research, passing over to you guys so we can get a nice complete list!
Let's try and stick with free(or mostly) softwares, let me know if you guys feel otherwise.
submitted by Gabisonfire to homelab [link] [comments]

14 years old, Nootropics and Glandular Fever.

-I probably went a bit overboard with the storytelling here so if you are impatient just scroll to the bottom where the TL:DR is.
So the last year of my life has been close to hell. Everything started mid march, 2016, when I was in year 8, I started getting unusually tired, all the time. It was as though I was exhausted and completely brain fogged no matter how much sleep I got. This wrecked havoc on my social life, but I always seemed to just blame it on 'being a teenager' so I never really told anyone about it and never took action, which I deeply regret. By the end of the year I was being bullied by two different groups of people (one of them being my best friend before all the shit went down), and just about everyone hated me due to a few shitty decisions and some unfortunate circumstances. I moved schools and during the Christmas holidays I realised that I had a problem. As it turns out, I was exposed to the Epsom Barr virus (glandular fever) and even after being exposed, it continued to make me consistently tired. I was diagnosed with Chronic Fatigue and after doing all the regular tests was told 'there was nothing I could do about it'. So to that I said 'screw you' and tried every possible thing to help myself. I took every supplement in the book, tried meditation, tried sleep scheduling, exercise therapy, I even gave NoFap a shot, but the only one that made a difference was changing my diet. So it took a while but during the first few months of my new school, I worked out was intolerant to gluten, dairy and fructose. After cutting all these from my diet I got a ton of new friends at my new school, my social life went up and my depression lifted. Even some of my old friends have since apologised for being dicks and we are pals again. But a few months ago, shit happened again. The brain fog and the constant tiredness made their return, along with constant flem in my throat, so I'm going to assume I got another virus.

CHAPTER TWO; In which Pooh Bear discovers nootropics

So after extensive research (googling 'drugs to make you less tired') I discovered this sub and nootropics, and I saw it as my only hope. I spent a few months trying to figure out how to buy bitcoin as a minor, and ended up with noopept, armodafinil, aniracetam and phenylpiracetam (probably misspelled all of those but oh well) from Ceretropic. As a bit of history, I have experimented with drugs before, namely weed, but I have tried mushrooms, DXM and this anti-anxiety stuff (i think it was a benzo but I can't remember). I have probably smoked weed ~20 times in the last 3 years, done DXM once, mushrooms twice and the probable benzo once. This brings us to a few weeks ago. The first noot I tried was noopept, and it was a miracle drug for me. It took about 45 minutes for it to kick in so at first I thought it wasn't working, until I was hanging out with friends and was suddenly the funniest, most social person there, rather than just being an outsider. I just felt on fire. This lasted for about 3 hours, and after about the 4th hour I re-dosed. I have taken the same dose (~30mg) a total of 6 times now, all with the same amazing effect. I tried aniracetam and felt nothing at all, although I have only tried it twice. I have yet to try any of the others, since arnodafinil is so darn expensive I don't want to waste it, and I haven't gotten around to trying the phynelpiracetam just yet. This brings us to our conclusion. Being in year 9 and 14 going on 15, is it okay to use these substances daily (or atleast on school days) for the duration of time that I have this virus, or is it messing with my hormones and development? If I decide to not take them again, my life will turn to shit once more, or atleast for a few months while I am still sick. I know kids who take mind altering medication for conditions like ADHD on the daily, and no one seems to have a problem with that, so is it any different for noopept? Thanks for reading my wall of text :)
TL:DR: Chronic Fatigue chronically fucked me up and noopept makes me feel like myself again. Should I dose on the daily even though I am only 14, like someone with ADHD would, or just let my youth be ruined for the sake of my future health?
submitted by arowaway_thcount to Nootropics [link] [comments]

A Non-Technical Introduction to Nano

Hi guys,
Here's a first draft of an article I've written to try and explain Nano to the non-technical user. Any comments / corrections / suggestions are welcome.
Nano: Why The Future of Cryptocurrency
The evolution of cryptocurrencies has been wildly unpredictable, even more so than other new technologies. Cryptocurrencies are also unusual amongst emerging technologies in that, even with a decades worth of knowledge and real-world usage to draw on, even the most technologically-savvy are hesitant to take the plunge. This reticence is understandable. After all, the term cryptocurrency now refers to a wide array of digital currencies and tokens, each with their own purpose and use case, and each igniting equally passionate debate from supporters and detractors alike. Newcomers to the world of cryptocurrencies often feel that they are stepping into the middle of a war zone. No sooner have they taken their first steps into this new and unknown landscape, when devoted foot soldiers begin tugging them in the direction of their preferred crypto.
For the new recruit, already dizzied by the sheer number of currencies to choose from, it is all too easy to become overwhelmed and paralyzed. Couple this with the fact that the market’s most prominent, and by all accounts safest, cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, and that Bitcoin’s wild price fluctuations have caught the eye of mainstream news outlets, and you can begin to understand why this revolutionary technology often seems to be doing little more than spinning its wheels. To the uninitiated, an investment in Bitcoin seems little better than spinning a roulette wheel (a sentiment that many in the community also share).
Against this backdrop, any new coin has a lot to contend with. Not only does it need to be able to sell itself on its own merits, but it needs to penetrate the fog of war and confusion that has descended. This confusion arises in no small part due to the fact that cryptocurrencies have traditionally, in spite of the name, not acted in the way we are used to currencies acting. Bitcoin has evidently been crucial in setting the stage, but with the price of a single coin currently hovering around the $7,000, and with mining new Bitcoins no longer economically viable for the overwhelming majority of the market, its image as a bloated and unwieldy behemoth is hardly conducive to drawing in newcomers.
Given Bitcoin’s success and market dominance, it may seem sacrilege to suggest that being entirely unlike Bitcoin could be a virtue. Yet Nano is about as unlike Bitcoin as a cryptocurrency could be, and it is all the better for it.
Note: While the technical specifications and features of Nano deserve a special mention, it offers undeniably elegant solutions to many of the problems that affect other cryptocurrencies, in this article we are going to focus on what all that technical jargon actually translates to for the average user. For details about the underlying technology, head over to
Where Bitcoin is big, Nano is small.
Globally, the amount of energy required on an annual basis to mine Bitcoin is roughly the same as that consumed by the entire nation of Ireland. In this sense, Bitcoin is woefully unsustainable. Nano, on the other hand, has no mining. The entire supply of Nano (133,248,290 NANO) already exists. These funds were initially distributed via a captcha-based faucet, but it is now possible to either trade other cryptocurrencies for Nano, or even purchase it directly through any one of the growing number of services that sell it.
Of course, acquiring Nano is no good if you don’t have anywhere to store it. Fortunately, there are a number of options when choosing a Nano wallet. There are online wallets – – desktop wallets - – and even a few options for iOS and Android. These wallets are all lightweight and easy to use, and each wallet comes with its own seed, a unique string of characters that can be used to recover or access your wallet from another device.
The Nano protocol is incredibly lightweight, significantly more so than other cryptocurrencies. This means that the costs involved in processing a Nano transaction are negligible. In fact, they are limited to the amount of power consumed by the device you make the transaction from. Because of this, and unlike other cryptocurrencies, there are no fees associated with processing a Nano transaction. Whether you send 0.0000001 Nano, 1 Nano, or 5,000,000 Nano, the recipient will receive all of it.
Not only are Nano transactions feeless, they are as close to instantaneous as it is possible to be. The only circumstances under which users will experience a delay is during ongoing transactions, and even then it is an intentional delay to prevent spam and abuse of the network. The delay in sending and receiving money when using other cryptocurrencies is one of the major barriers to their widespread adoption. It is a perfect example of how cryptocurrencies have not traditionally behaved like currencies as we know them. In fact, Nano is even better than traditional currencies in this regard when you are sending over long distances. International transfers of Nano are just as fast and feeless as sending Nano to someone sitting in the same room as you. You might be wondering, with a finite supply of Nano, does that put a necessary limit on how widely it can penetrate. We are used to our currencies being divisible only by relatively small amounts. For example £1 can only be divided into 100 smaller units - £1 = 100p. With Nano, a single Nano is equal to 〖10〗24 raw – 1 Nano = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 raw. This means that, should the value of a single Nano one day reach the giddy heights of Bitcoin, where 1 Nano = $7,000, 1 raw would be equal to $(7000 X 〖10〗-24) = $0.000000000000000000007000. Even if the price of a single Nano were to rise considerably higher, it would still remain just as useful as a currency.
The world is very rapidly waking up to Nano, and the possibilities it offers. If you want to join the impending revolution, get yourself one of the aforementioned wallets and head on over to the Nano Faucet at for some free Nano to get yourself started.
Edit: if anyone would like to support more of this content, and it's not deemed too cynical, my donations wallet is xrb_3xt996ctuaas1ftqo8i4gk8dugpgzp54foaphtp69qk4rx6b7swoghfzuy33
submitted by AudreyHelpburn to nanocurrency [link] [comments]

AtoX: Take technology as a sword and forge ahead

In the eighth month of the bear market, the disappearance of the coin circle gradually spread, and the downturn became the main theme of the digital currency market. The confused and awkward atmosphere surrounded the major institutions. In a bull market, a project can take only a few months from start-up to landing on the exchange, which means that the exit cycle of the investment institution is very short. Now, as the leek has been cut to the end, the investment institutions slowly discover that they have become the last takers.
2018 is the cold winter of the coin circle, and it is also the winter of the organization. When you ask the CEO of top institutions, what is the value of the digital currency assets in their hands? As the currency bubble recedes, the capital pattern of 2019 will inevitably usher in a big reshuffle. It remains to be seen whether institutions that focus only on speculation will live through the winter.
However, in my opinion, projects such as Atox, which are more focused on blockchain technology itself, are bound to thrive in a healthy regulatory environment!
AtoX is a public blockchain system based on the fourth-generation blockchain technology created by a team from the Jewish nation. Based on this, AtoX Swap cross-chain wallet and decentralized exchange were established.
Compared with previous systems, it has the following characteristics:
  1. Different design ideas: The most important difference between AtoX and Ethereum, EOS and Bitcoin is that the design idea is different. Bitcoin can only be used as electronic money. Ethereum is just a technology that increases the smart contract to blockchain 2.0. Based on the fourth-generation blockchain technology, AtoX is committed to the global blockchain landing applications. It is a fourth-generation blockchain platform for the world, allowing developers to implement blockchain applications with high efficiency, high performance and fit for business.
2, The consensus mechanism is different: AtoX uses the RPCA consensus mechanism, compared with POW, POS, etc., can achieve higher TPS in performance to apply to more scenarios, and can save more computing performance.
3, The technical realization is different: AtoX is based on the fourth-generation blockchain technology, which breaks through the chain expansion problem caused by the low performance of the traditional blockchain technology. Through the technology of chain compression, the application construction can be realized more flexibly. Therefore, AtoX skills retain the advantages of a centralized platform, and can achieve the security and reliability of decentralization.
2018 has been passed, and the coin circle has also passed an unusually rich year. We may be involved in the tuyere of 2018, or perhaps as a bystander. We can only look forward to 2019, and we can do nothing but to cut through the fog and continue to forge ahead!
submitted by TONGZHENGSHIJIE to u/TONGZHENGSHIJIE [link] [comments]

AtoX: Take technology as a sword and forge ahead

AtoX: Take technology as a sword and forge ahead
In the eighth month of the bear market, the disappearance of the coin circle gradually spread, and the downturn became the main theme of the digital currency market. The confused and awkward atmosphere surrounded the major institutions. In a bull market, a project can take only a few months from start-up to landing on the exchange, which means that the exit cycle of the investment institution is very short. Now, as the leek has been cut to the end, the investment institutions slowly discover that they have become the last takers.
2018 is the cold winter of the coin circle, and it is also the winter of the organization. When you ask the CEO of top institutions, what is the value of the digital currency assets in their hands? As the currency bubble recedes, the capital pattern of 2019 will inevitably usher in a big reshuffle. It remains to be seen whether institutions that focus only on speculation will live through the winter.
However, in my opinion, projects such as Atox, which are more focused on blockchain technology itself, are bound to thrive in a healthy regulatory environment!
AtoX is a public blockchain system based on the fourth-generation blockchain technology created by a team from the Jewish nation. Based on this, AtoX Swap cross-chain wallet and decentralized exchange were established.
Compared with previous systems, it has the following characteristics:
  1. Different design ideas: The most important difference between AtoX and Ethereum, EOS and Bitcoin is that the design idea is different. Bitcoin can only be used as electronic money. Ethereum is just a technology that increases the smart contract to blockchain 2.0. Based on the fourth-generation blockchain technology, AtoX is committed to the global blockchain landing applications. It is a fourth-generation blockchain platform for the world, allowing developers to implement blockchain applications with high efficiency, high performance and fit for business.
2, The consensus mechanism is different: AtoX uses the RPCA consensus mechanism, compared with POW, POS, etc., can achieve higher TPS in performance to apply to more scenarios, and can save more computing performance.
3, The technical realization is different: AtoX is based on the fourth-generation blockchain technology, which breaks through the chain expansion problem caused by the low performance of the traditional blockchain technology. Through the technology of chain compression, the application construction can be realized more flexibly. Therefore, AtoX skills retain the advantages of a centralized platform, and can achieve the security and reliability of decentralization.
2018 has been passed, and the coin circle has also passed an unusually rich year. We may be involved in the tuyere of 2018, or perhaps as a bystander. We can only look forward to 2019, and we can do nothing but to cut through the fog and continue to forge ahead!
submitted by gswt to u/gswt [link] [comments]

I'm a long time lurker wanting to make a first ever Bitcoin purchase in Peru. Please, help me find the best method (that is an option for me) to do so as soon as possible (Don't worry about the lenght of the post, there's a sort of TL;DR version explained in the first paragraph).

Good whatever it is wherever you guys are. I tried posting in BitcoinBeginners but for some reason several hours have passed and it has not being approved, the mods don't respond so I thought maybe try out here, pardon if it's a little bit out of place. Anyhow, I need your help to make my first bitcoin purchase and so I have extensevely wrote about my specific situation, in order to get the TL;DR version just jump trhough the texts to where BOLD letters are used followed by the main points of what I wrote and where I straight-fowardly asks the questions I need asnwers to, which will be in ITALIC, the rest is only if you were to need more information as to provide me with a more complete asnwer.
I'm currently in Lima, Peru and want to buy the equivalent of PEN 10,000.00 (which is roughtly US$ 3,100) in Bitcoins. I have around half of that in US$ on a bank account/VISA debit card and the other half I would take it in PEN from another bank account/other VISA debit card. I don't mind either way and can exchange either currency for the other but I guess I would prefer to buy the Bitcoins fully in dollars if I were to do the transaction with a person (making it so quite likely just one currency accepted to avoid extra hassle) given that the value of the dollar here right now is relatively low. And as far as I can tell there are three methods avalible which would be fitting in my situation, those being using cash on a ATM Bitcoin Machine, either a cash face-to-face exchange/a cash deposit to the bank account of a reputable user on Mycelium/LocalBitcoins, or contactintg someone who offers a better price through one of the national Bitcoin Facebook/Meetup groups and trying to get that person to agreed on doing the exchange using LocalBitcoins because of their escrow sytem and general reliability when handling disputes as a sort of guarantee for the both of us.
Up until now I never had my identity formally linked in any way with cryptocurrencies and very much would like it to stay that way, meaning that annonymity is number one priority to me regarding this subject. I do not want anyboby being able to demostrate I bought/owned Bitcoins, need to be sure that my current purchase won't in any way affect any possible future trade for other crytocurrency such a Monero using and then maybe on another exchange like Kraken back to Bitcoin or the use of a tumbler like Bitcoin Fog as I don't want anybody to have some prove that I used them to buy a Baby Jesus Butt Plug from a Darknet Market. Having that aspect completly covered my second requirement to proceed is that the way I end up going about it doesn't hinged my safety from theft, whether I eventually put the coins on a personal wallet like Ledger Nano S with U2F or a hardware wallet like Electrum on a USB with TAILS, I need confirmation that, say, having them first just on the Mycelium/LocalBitcoins wallet (even maybe without 2FA if tablets can't be used for that) after buying them from someone won't put them on danger. And lastly, I want a good deal.
I also sort of need however I were to do this now to be reasonably easy and fast with the tools of my disposal at the moment (no phone, only several laptops and an Android tablet) so as to not requiring me to wait more to feel like I have the correct OPSEC/setup in order to finally get into Bitcoin. Having been involved with cryptocurrencies for a over 7 years and never having actually bought any, the last thing I want is to once again tell myself any excuse so as to keep procastinating with it, much less right now with the current decrease in price. After this 'investment', in the next couple of months I will keep on adding some more and probably want to sell some of it too in order to gather some experience and also it is of my interest to purchase pretty large quantities of various specific research chemicals, which even though are completly legal in my country to own, I do not think I have to explain why I would want to keep such activity as realistically untraceable as possible. I am deeply informed on the legal aspect, but regardless, just because I am completly prepared for any particular inconvenience doesn't mean that I would want to find myself inconvenienced.
So just to sum up:
Apart from all the awfully set up bitcoin exchange websites which don't provide any reason to trust them there seems to be few different ways of obtaining bitcoins here, but given that I have a set of prerequisites the list of options get shortened. As privacy is key I am conditioned to buy the coins in a such way that doesn't ask from me any sort of idendity verification that could formally link me to it or can leave a loose end, so that would leave out purchasing the coins interntionally or using my debid cards/bank accounts nor any online payment, but rather using cash face-to-face exchange/a cash deposit to a bank account. A perfect solution seems to be the only Bitcoin ATM Machine in my country which according to this website is a General Bytes model called BATMTwo of a very simple system, just like it can be seeing in several videos on Youtube, in which the sole authenticaton is by scanning a QR code from the app of my Bitocin wallet (or even just the QR code printed), it doesn't require an ID, fingerprint and the machine doesn't even have a camera. Sadly, I contacted the owner of the machine and so it seems the service is currently suspended. Out of the remaininng posibilities I have a couple of constant doubts which I need to resolve in order to know what is more convenient and what steps to follow.
Of the methods I will list I need to know:
-Process: Create wallet on the Mycelium app in my tablet, choose a vendor, negociate and set up a price which will be respected as it was established when the transaccion is first submitted, pay in cash, get the bitcoins transfered to my wallet and seller will receive the key of our transaction which I will need to have on me at the moment to confirm the exchange has being completed.
-Prices: Wheter they accep either cash or bank deposists is not specified, but from what I have read everyone should accept cash. At the moment there's literally three accounts selling in my city, and it appears none of them have a reputation as none of them have ever made a sell or purchase... not very trustworthy.
Mycelium's feature "Local Trader", from the get go doesn't inspire me much confidence as it is an App, and I'm not very well versed in how to stay anonymous using mobile devices other than laptops, from what to have installed in them to how to protect myself from the dangers of public wi-fi. The reason why I even consider a method which I don't feel quite confortable with is that as far as I comprehend I can pay with cash on a face-to-face exchange or a cash deposit to a bank account, the only two methods I have understood would be adequate for me, that the prices I have found are drastically better than those on LocalBitcoins and they can even be negociated, plus it works instantly and is wildly considered to be secure. Now, while the process doesn't provide escrow, "the seller does not need to put funds into escrow; they are spent directly from his Mycelium Wallet" which is advertised as a positive characteristic that I can't see how it would benefit me (the buyer), nor am I sure what it even means. An finally while I do know that apart from the agreed price a 0.2% fee goes to the app I don't know if that means it would be taken from the already made transacction or if it is an extra expense charged to me, plus it doesn't seem to be a way of setting the exchange rate at the moment of agreeing on the trade rather than letting the value fluctuate until our meeting and getting fucked, or am I in the wrong?
- Process: Create wallet on the LocalBitcoins website, choose a vendor, ask him/her to check the correct 'Floating Price' set so as to establish the price of the exchange at that moment, the escrow will hold the funds, pay in cash, get the bitcoins transfered to my wallet and seller will receive the key of our transaction which I will need to have on me at the moment to confirm the exchange has being completed.
- Prices: This interface is much more clear and specific, however the lowest prices are way beyond anything that I could of have expected... let alone those of the three sellers who accept cash. That being said, almost all of the reputations are of absolute excelence and some with high quantity of transacciones, of course that was to be expected given that those who sell in my country are few people, and everyone would be turning up to them.
Given that the ATM machine is currently not operating, from what my limited knowledge indicates, LocalBitcoins should be my prefered course of action, that is if all the prices listed in my country weren't insanely high. If I'm not mistaking the value listed by the seller is no open for discussion but there is also no side fee I have to take into consideration, being so that what is listed is what I will have to pay. An while once again price is a problem with this method, there are sellers who will accept either a face-to-face exchange or a cash deposit to a bank account, only problem being that those are precily the ones who provide the worst exchange rates. Because of their escrow system so long as the two of us comply with the meeting pretty much once the transaccion is set up the funds of the seller have being 'separated' and is in the best interest of both for the purchase to take place. But, one thing I don't have clear is regarding the 'Floating Price' checkbox, the way I see it, and this is very important to me, I want the price of the bitcoins I'm buying to be determined at the time the trade is first submitted, that way actively choosing what exchange rate we will deal with, AND NOT when the coins are released, as if that were the case the price could change leaving me with a deal out of my control. So can this be indicated by me (the buyer), or is it up to the seller because (s)he's the only one capable of controlling that option?, and, if I were to ask him/her to set it up, should I ask to turn that option on or off? (I don't know what way would be the correct).
Another option I have to avoid the exchange rates I have shown you is to contact someone who offers a better price through one of the national Bitcoin Facebook/Meetup groups and trying to get that person to agreed on doing the exchange using LocalBitcoins because of their escrow sytem and general reliability when handling disputes as a sort of guarantee for the both of us, as I indicate at the very begining of the post. Cosntantly on the Facebook groups there's users posting about wanting to sell Bitcoins for a much lower price that in Mycelium and LocalBitcoins, some even below market value for X reason, and although of course going fully private without any exchange platform would be too dangerous, not only can I suggest to use one but I can find those persons who are of high reputation in the Bitcoin comunity in my country and are deeply involved in bringing this technology here and ask those people if they happen to be selling Bitcoins. In order to do so I would need to look trough several pages of posts in this groups, use some Google-fu to find out who are the ones who arrange the Meetups and other reunions about Bitcoins. Tedious, but a possibility nonetheless. If you guys happen to know of someone like that in my country maybe poitning me in that direction could be very helpful.
Beyond that all I have left if the exchange platforms indicated in this and this pages, but I have to say I already spent all afeternoon visiting each website and App reading about the steps to purchase Bitcoins in each of them and not only are cash face-to-face really not given as options in any but some are simply confusing or seem like a bad idea. Not to metion a couple even supposedly offer under market value pricing, but just in case if anyone had anything positive to say about them, here are the ones that aren't just obsolite links: CEX.IO, SatoshiTango, Bitex, Paxful, 247Exchange, Xapo, bitINKA, SurBTC, Circle, CambistaBitcoin and the listing for Bitcoin of the South American version of Ebay, MercadoLibre. By the way, I have said that privacy is very important to me, but I have also being extremely descriptive of what I'm doing and plan to do, so just in case anyone is wondering not only am I posting this from an IP address not related to me but also nothing that I have wrote is incriminating in any way, constitutes a crime or make so that I can be persecuted for it, and even if under any strange circunstances I had to, I havethe equivaent of what american refeer to as plausible deniability to defend myself given that all of this can be of course considered hypothetic. Just thought I would put it there.
Thank you very much for reading and I hope someone can help me, I would greatly appreciate it.
submitted by MellamoAlejandro to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Delusions of guilt/sin?

I've read about delusions of guilt involving people who believe they were directly responsible for causing natural disasters and stuff, but can extreme, severe, unwarranted guilt also count as a delusion? I can honestly say that extreme guilt is starting to ruin my life. I wrote a post on /OCD a month ago describing some of the upsetting thoughts I have, but I didn't get too deep into things. It sounds so terribly narcissistic (which makes no sense because my self esteem is very low and I deal with a lot of self-hatred), but I've been grappling lately with feeling somehow responsible (or at least partially-responsible) for some of the bad things going on in the world. Because I was praised a lot growing up for being a bright kid, I guess I have this feeling that it's my responsibility and duty to do great things, and that I could "fix" (or at least greatly contribute to fixing) many of the great problems in the world if I just applied myself, but because I'm such a lazy/bad/selfish person I'm not applying myself properly and therefore I'm depriving the world of my potential. I know it sounds fucked up. I just feel this huge weight of responsibility on my shoulders, and I feel like the standards I hold myself to compared to other people are irrational. But I can't shake these feelings.
The guilt I feel is all consuming. It affects me every day. The holidays this year were particularly hard, I spent every night during the week leading up to Christmas crying myself to sleep because the guilt was so intense. My social relationships are affected by it. It doesn't matter how well a social interaction goes, because I'll always walk away feeling this absolutely crushing guilt. I recently saw an old friend, we went on a walk together and afterwards she hugged me and said she wanted to have me over for dinner but had to check with her husband. I left feeling like the most awful friend and person. I started to go down the rabbit hole of convincing myself that she'll never want to see me again, and surely enough we ended up planning that dinner later in the week, and I was honestly surprised that I turned out to be wrong. My social anxiety worsens significantly the more I get to know someone, partially because of the fear that they're going to somehow wrong me or are lying to me/deceiving me, partially because close relationships stir up so much guilt inside of me that I can't take it. It doesn't matter if people are laughing at my jokes, smile when they see me, tell me they like me. Nothing stops these feelings. I always walk away feeling like the guilt is burning a hole in my stomach. I feel like I'm deceiving people of my true nature. I feel guilty if I make dinner and feel like I didn't give everyone equal portions. I feel like a horrible daughter even though my mother expresses her appreciation for me all the time. I feel guilty for not being open enough. Horribly, horribly guilty any time I slip up with anything social (like if I engage in a bit of gossip or say something negative about a friend I'm having trouble with to someone). A few weeks ago I agonized for days over wasting $10, and it wasn't even my money, it was my parents money. My family either jokes that I should buy myself a whip, or they get angry and annoyed at me for being so ridiculous, so now I just hide these feelings.
I constantly feel like I'm either on the verge of punishment or deserve to be punished for being such a "bad" person, even though I can't rationally explain what's so bad about me. I'm not religious but the closest analogy I can think of is that I feel like a constant sinner. I feel like I don't deserve good things, I feel terrible when good things happen to me, and I'm always waiting for the people in my life to drop me, no matter what evidence I have to the contrary. As a disclaimer, I have dealt with paranoia in the past. About two years ago I went through a stint lasting 6 months to 1 year where I thought cameras were hidden in my house. Since I took a lot of psych classes in college around that time I maintained pretty good insight into these thoughts, but they did start to affect my behavior, because a part of me did believe them even though another part of me didn't, and the two parts were fighting with each other and causing me a lot of confusion and cognitive dissonance. During that time I dealt with serious social withdrawal, apathy, and various "brain fog" issues (loss of motivation, extreme trouble concentrating and focusing) that have gotten somewhat better with time, although I still don't feel like I've gotten back to where I was before all of this started. I've been left with some quirks, mostly surrounding fears relating to thievery and surveillance (covering cameras on every device I own, hiding my laptop whenever I leave the house even if it's for a five minute walk, putting a lock on my backpack so someone won't steal my stuff while I'm walking, avoiding all social media, paying for stuff with bitcoin, lots of complex cyber security stuff, and occasionally getting the creeping feeling that there are a set of eyes on me, such as when I'm lying in bed since my bed is near a window). I've had depression for many years, since I was a young teen I'd say, and I think I'm going through a pretty major depressive episode right now. I find myself having with suicidal thoughts, which hasn't really happened since maybe 9-10 months ago. I read about people with depression and the guilt they experience, but I have a hard time relating because I don't see any stories about depressed people who have this level of all-encompassing guilt. I've always been a guilty person, but it's gotten significantly worse during these last few months I'd say. I haven't seen a therapist because I always convince myself at the last minute that there's nothing serious going on (or else how would I be able to even articulate these experiences?)
submitted by throwawy7456 to schizophrenia [link] [comments]

I started out here in California yesterday at Level 1 again: Out of shape, broke, and not knowing anyone, but full of wisdom and prepared for the game ahead. I have a Seven 'F' plan to get back on track, and you can follow along.

Here we are again. Level one.
But we've been here before. This isn't a different product, just a different flavor.
I sit in a strange city in a part of the country I've never lived in before. I moved here to this little townhouse after being unjustly removed from my previous assignment. I came here with nowhere to live, no car, no phone, no furniture or real belongings, and only a little bit of money to my name. I'm out of shape. I don't know anyone here. I'm fucking broke, and I left every girl I knew back in Dubai.
Good. Because this is where I want to be: the bottom. Maybe you've been here too. Maybe you are here now. It's easy to spout bullshit from the peaks of success mountain, but where's the authenticity in that? I want to show you that it's possible, in real time. If you have your own valley you've been languishing in, it's time to come out of it. We can do this, and we don't need some perfect road map either. We'll do it live.
Way I see it, there are seven Fs on the road to success, and I need to work on just about all of them right now. Maybe you do too. Let's get to work.


I got out of shape. My muscles atrophied from months of neglect and I can no longer pretend those are abs in the mirror. Good. The guy in Elder Scrolls: Oblivion didn't whine about how shitty things had gotten when Jean Luc Picard woke him up, did he? No, he got his ass up, headed across that moat, and started picking up some fucking quests.
Let's do the same. I went to the gym for the first time today in at least 6 months. The secret to fitness is a subject for a follow up entry, but in essence it's this: intensity. It doesn't matter how technical you get with your workouts; if the intensity isn't there you won't grow muscle and burn fat. That's why fluffy lifting machines and bullshit elliptical machines tend to attract the people who don't make any gains: because they are looking for the easy way out. Elliptical curves are usually a good thing, but not in this case.
I'm sure I looked quite silly. I was barely able to do a few dips, pull ups, squats, and free weight flys (+pushups), but my body was wrecked today. I'll be sore tomorrow. And it will be forced to change. Your body doesn't want to change; it likes itself the way it is. You have to give it a reason to transform.
I will work out at least 5 times a week, starting today, and will get into the best shape of my life. No more Taco Bell and Weird Japanese Sex Games. It's time for Free weights and Subway.
I always wanted a crypto-nerd bank account, but never a crypto-nerd body. Vorhees? You listening? You're about to be a captain of the industry. It's time to hit the gym too, so the temple matches the master that lives inside.


I'm effectively broke. I had to liquidate some bitcoins to buy a car, pay my first months rent here at this new place, and buy enough furniture so I'm not sleeping on a floor. The rest of my crypto holdings rest in Monero and bitcoin, and those aren't coming out. I will slowly save up and continue buying these two assets every month, and avoid any excess luxuries for now. The most important thing is to be investing in something you believe in long term, and I feel that these two cryptos will be very big deals in coming years.
I got a couch, kitchen, bed, and good clothes. The rest will come in time. I bought a much cheaper car than what I'm used to driving, but I'm gonna have fun with it. As a result, I don't have a car payment: that's a good thing. And for $2500, it was a good deal. It will do until I can afford the 2017 Chevy Camaro. (see separate car thread for the full glory of my current chariot)
Also, no Netflix or Playstation 4 is going to be useful for the next part:


Through a haze of alcohol and sex while living in Dubai, I somehow managed to write 110,000 words of a pretty damn good novel. It's got it's problems, but I've got a skilled editor working on those, and my illustrator has done some fine work as well.
I've been in a depression while moving this past month though and haven't worked on it. Shame, shame on me.
Time to fix that. 500 to 1000 new words every day, no exceptions, and lets finish up Labrys and release this thing. I think that if I can control my AADD and bipolar mania enough to write and release an entire book, then that means I can do anything. I'm gonna John Nash this shit: the problem is within the mind, and I can fix it.
Focus through the haze and fog of creativity, and finish. the. damn. thing.
And when I'm done with that? I need to start on Greater Expectations and work on marketing Labrys. Personal legacy never ends.
What's your project you never finished? That you know you need to put some work into?

Fraternity & Flirting:

I can't be a hermit. It isn't good for the mind. And not knowing people is no excuse. Waiting on the body to be finalized isn't an excuse not to go out and start talking to girls, and making friends immediately.
You gotta put yourself out there.
It's Friday and I'm heading out tonight for a beer. I asked some locals for the names of some good bars, and the bar is low for the first night out on a town: dress nice, and chat up at least two or three women I don't know that are at least 7/10 cute. If I meet any cool dudes, that's fine too.
For those of you who aren't going to do this, why? I just got done telling you: I'm not in shape, my car is a very special work of art, I'm dead ass broke, and hell, my house consists of a couch and an inflatable mattress in it. And yet I'm gonna go meet some girls tonight. Maybe they won't like me. Good.
Because I assign myself A's for effort, and you should too. Only an idiot thinks he will write the greatest novel of all time having never practiced his writing. And only an idiot thinks he will one day meet the woman of his dreams without practicing and failing first.


In life, you can't be afraid to fail. I have tasted failure. It isn't that bad. It hurts, sure.
Sometimes it hurts badly.
But I've also pussied out on opportunities and dreams in my life, and let me tell you something: that hurts a lot worse.
So let's dare to fail this summer. I just got done failing at the gym, but I'll be better next time. I just got done failing at a job, but I'm going to be damn good at this one. I just got done failing at finances, having to spend a big chunk of my savings to reboot my life, but I'll put those pieces back together.
And I guarantee that tonight some girl is going to either not meet my standards, or I won't meet hers. I will fail at that too. And that's ok.
You're not perfect. Stop trying to be. You are worthless, and small, and insignificant, and instead of depressing you- that should inspire you.
There's nothing at stake. You didn't exist until a few years ago, and pretty soon you probably won't exist again. So stop worrying about failing. It's time to kill the ego and start building up your character one exp point at a time.
Eventually we'll level up. And then I'm gonna pick a perk.


I got this down. You should too. A few expensive Hugo Boss and Calvin Klein pieces with some practical American Eagle + H&M. Either shave clean or trim your god-damned neckbeard. Get a fucking haircut you hippy; if you don't know what you should do, take a chance and let a top shelf hairdresser go to town on you. Take a risk. And scientists can spout the dangers of the sun all they want: we didn't evolve in fucking caves, and the human body is supposed to get regular exposure to UVA + UVB radiation (aka sunlight). A vitamin D3 deficiency will fuck you up real quick (Google it if you don't know what I'm talking about); you will be depressed and that black shadow on your chest will consume you without sunlight exposure or D3 supplementation.... but we digress, (even though a tan will automatically make you more attractive). Let's get back on topic.
If you dress like a clown, and look like a clown, prepare to be treated like a clown. People will accept the reality you present them with.
A clean homeless man in a blazer with a crispy button-up shirt will get treated better than the billionaire in a wifebeater.
Why do people wait until they are successful to dress nicely? Success is a state of mind. Invest in some high quality clothes and act the damn part. You don't need a big wardrobe, just a solid one.
And this final 'F' wraps back around to the first one: because a ripped dude looks good in any shirt. So get your lift and run on. If there are any women reading this (and I highly doubt any of my 106 subscribers is female, but who knows) then the same applies: nothing tastes better than being skinny and there's no better feeling than looking fantastic in every single piece in the store.
That's the seven 'F's of the Game of Money (because ultimately all success is money). If you do the first seven 'F's right, the eighth will come naturally. If you have something you want to work on, and you want some tough public accountability for it, you are welcome to comment too at the stickied topic at /americanpegasus. I'll be making a new top level comment for each day, allowing people to discuss and boast about their progress. If you want to troll, go ahead and do that too. Just someone else to prove wrong in the end.
submitted by americanpegasus to selfimprovement [link] [comments]

Fog of War No Scope Bitcoin's Lightning Network Explained For Dummies! Will This Solve Bitcoin's Scalability Problem?! Original Bitcoin Fog URL. TOR Only 6 Problems/Issues With Bitcoin as a Currency Why Bitcoin is heading towards a huge mining problem

Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: transaction management and money issuance are carried out collectively by the network. The original Bitcoin software by Satoshi Nakamoto was released under the MIT license. . Most client software, derived or "from Bitcoin tumbling, also referred to as Bitcoin mixing or Bitcoin laundering, is the process of using a third party service to break the connection between a Bitcoin address sending coins and the address(s) they are sent to. If you initiate a withdrawal from a market directly to a mixer’s bitcoin address, and the market runs into problems A community for discussion of the history of & research on the now-defunct darknet markets Silk Road 1 & 2, and topics such as arrests of their users, Ross Ulbricht's legal case, the status of Blake Benthall, privacy etc. Post non-SR reviews, crypto or anonymity, or specific site questions to their respective subreddits. Bitcoin Fog released this statement (probably a load of shit) "Recently we have been receiving a lot of reports from users that claim that their accountshave been stolen. Between weak password, phishing websites, inability to send e-mails or other means of identifying users,there are a lot issues with restoring passwords. Bitcoin is excellent as a method of remote payment. It could be a competitive credit card alternative – especially in remote transactions with mobile or wearable devices.And this is a much

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Fog of War No Scope

Computations involved in mining Bitcoin are astronomical. Professor Phil Moriarty explains how estimating the energy useage is a Fermi problem. The paper Phi... Lightning Network is a popular proposed solution to Bitcoin's debated scalability problem. It is a second-layer off-chain solution which basically allows peers to send each other unlimited small ... Bitcoin Problems - Duration: 8:18. PensionCraft 4,781 views. 8:18. Robert Kiyosaki 2019 - The Speech That Broke The Internet!!! KEEP THEM POOR! - Duration: 10:27. Fortnite LTM Fog of War No scope Trickshot with Chili Pepper. ... Banking on Bitcoin YouTube Movies. 2017 · Documentary ... Hermitcraft 7: Episode 32 - MANSION PORTAL PROBLEMS - Duration: 20:38 ... Bitcoin Fog — First safe Bitcoin Mixer Bitcoin Fog as the classic of Bitcoin mixing ===== LINKS ===== ClearNet URL - TOR ...

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